Comparison of Geometrical Proportions in the Tomb Monuments of the Contemporary Period with an Emphasis on Various Systems of Global Proportions

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Somayyeh Omranifar
Lida Balilan Asl
Vida Norouzborazjani

Abstract

Throughout history, in order to honor and record valuable events such as themes, conquests, events and personalities, monuments were formed that have a meaning in their heart. These buildings have been influenced by various factors. Paying attention to the body and also the physical form to engage the senses of the visitors has been a main pillar in the design of such buildings. One of the ways to create brevity in such buildings is the use of geometry and the use of proportional systems to create pleasure and a pleasant feeling in the audience. This research, using causal-comparison method and using the tool of collecting questionnaires, seeks to see how much proportional systems have been used in the design of the overall form and its components from each of the mentioned and selected monuments. have used, the range of measurement is selected with the preference system and with the opinions of thinkers, and the people to be measured include space users and users who are selected by random sampling with a number of 384 people according to Morgan's table. JMPSAS16 software is used for ease of numerical and graphical analysis. The results show that the largest factor contribution in the application of geometric proportions in the components and overall design is related to radical ratios with the value of (1.000) for the components and (0.905) for the overall design, and the lowest is related to Ken and Shako with the value (0.167) for components and (0.195) for the overall plan. The important point is that the platonic rectangle with the value of (0.915) for the components and (0.914) for the general plan has a high factor share, but due to the lack of significance for both parts, the results of attention to it are not reliable.

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How to Cite
Omranifar, S., Balilan Asl, L., & Norouzborazjani, V. (2024). Comparison of Geometrical Proportions in the Tomb Monuments of the Contemporary Period with an Emphasis on Various Systems of Global Proportions. International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS), 8(4), 45-62. Retrieved from http://ijapas.ir/index.php/ijapas/article/view/468
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Original Article