International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="40%"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Description</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p>The International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) is an open access and peer reviewed multi-disciplinary quarterly journal which publishes <em>free of charge</em> original scholarly research papers on the fundamental research in all branches of theory and practice of art, providing rapid disclosure of the key elements of a study, publishing preliminary, experimental and theoretical results on the history of art, cloth designing, restoration, painting, graphic, architecture and urban design.</p> <p><strong>Indexing:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>IJAPAS has been indexed in the Citefactor, Google Scholar, DRJI (Directory of Research Journal Indexing), J-Gate, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Magiran</a> and <a href=";DC=5860" target="_blank" rel="noopener">RICeST</a>.</p> <p>Print ISSN:&nbsp;<strong>2588-4506</strong></p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;<strong>2588-4670</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Audience</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p>The IJAPAS hopes for researchers, graduate students, professionals and others would make use of this journal publication for the development of innovation in applied arts. The manuscripts should not have been previously published nor be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The IJAPAS manuscript submission process is fully electronic, to ensure the rapid publication of results. Manuscripts should be submitted via our secure web site. Manuscripts submitted by hardcopy mail or by e-mail will not be processed.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Editor-in-Chief</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p><strong>Dr. Abolfazl Davodi Roknabadi</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Associate Professor,<br>Faculty of Arts and Architecture,<br>Islamic Azad University,Yazd Branch,<br>Safayieh, Shohadaye Gomnam Blvd.,<br>Yazd, Iran<br>Email:</td> <td width="10%">&nbsp;</td> <td valign="top" width="40%"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Scope</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p><strong>Topics suitable for IJAPAS include but are not limited to:</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Artworks, Performances and installations</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Urban design and architecture, architectural conservation and restoration of historical structures</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Fabrics, new methods for cloth fabrications and cloth design</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Innovative media arts concepts and projects</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Painting and graphical arts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Digital arts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Digital design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Innovative Web, Web3D, and multimedia studies and applications</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Social issues and concepts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Imaginary and creative concepts and applications</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Visual arts: ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Performing arts: music, theater, film, photography </span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Industrial design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Fashion design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Art history</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Aesthetics and semantics</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <div><span style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</span></div> Islamic Azad University, Yazd Branch en-US International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) 2588-4506 Meaning Creators: The Communicative Power of Language and Conceptual Art via Fashion Phenomena <p>Conceptual Art was an avant-garde movement that gave special attention to the idea, meaning, and concept rather than the beauty, form and art piece. From the early days of the movement in the 1960s, Conceptual Art and language have tied together. In fact, some conceptual artists attempted to make a bridge between language and art. Language offers many artists, such as John Baldessari, Joseph Kosuth, and Jenny Holzer, a lot of possibilities to convey their provocative messages to people. In this way, they succeeded to engaged people directly. This communicative power of Conceptual Art and language has inspired the design world, in particular, the fashion world. The purpose of this research is to investigate the connections between Conceptual Art and language in fashion. At first sight, it seems that there is no relationship between Conceptual Art, language and fashion phenomena. Because fashion is a big business and selling products play a vital role for fashion designers. On the contrary, in Conceptual Art, the concept or the idea is more important compared to the final product and market needs. This paper will also discuss how some fashion designers succeeded to show the relationship between Conceptual Art, language and the final product. It can be concluded, for these fashion designers, fashion is beyond the clothing itself. Through language, they become a kind of meaning creator which is the ultimate goal in Conceptual Art.</p> <p>Keywords: Language-Based Artwork; Conceptualism; Fashion Phenomena; Meaning Creators</p> Ayoub Hojjat Shamami ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-25 2021-03-25 5 3 7 14 The Role of Virtual Theatre The Role of Virtual Theatre Components on Scenery Quality of Virtual Theatre using Austin Wang's Approach <p>Audience feedback in modern societies has fundamentally changed primarily due to developments in time and the process of replacing signs of virtual reality with reality has taken place. Moreover, there is an opportunity for a large number of audiences to be recognized and to actively engage with a few limitations. Meanwhile, the designers of some countries, due to the lack of attention to environmental, security, social and economic considerations, which are considered the most important aspects of using this function, have not been able to keep pace with the needs of their audience which resulted in diminishing this art. Therefore, the present article examines the fundamental changes and developments in security, economic and social methods of attracting and experiencing augmented reality and the performance of cyberspace in order to develop theater stage design, considering Austin Wang's works on the concept of place, its essentiality and time in theater. The research method is correlation, and statistical tests of Smirnov's Kolmograph, multiple regression, and Pearson correlation test were put to use so as to determine the relationship, intensity and direction of the relationship between independent and dependent variables. The results indicate that the "sense of helplessness" variable is the most effective variable on the virtual theater stage, and then, the second priority is the independent variable "environmental fluidity" and the third priority which is "color intensity" variable has the greatest impact on the scene. They have virtual theater production, and finally the following fourth to tenth variables are based on similar priority: "space scale and layout", "scene variety", "light quality", "imagination", "sound", "speed ​​of movement" and "sense of innocence" which are necessary for the virtualization of the theater stage.</p> Sara Noori MohamadAli Khabari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-25 2021-03-25 5 3 15 30 Typographic Expressions in Graphic Design Education <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; In this manuscript, the reflection of typographic expression training methods such as integration, resolution, transposition, disintegration, and lettering on students’ design and learning processes was strived to be analyzed. Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used altogether. The study group comprised of senior year Azad University Graphic and Architecture Faculty Visual Communication and Art students (10) who took the “Project Appliance” course. The group consists of volunteering students with elementary typography knowledge and typography skills who have not previously brought out creative, original, and new typography works. Students have designed posters as products before and after the training of typographic expression ways, respectively. Three experts graded the posters using a scoring rubric and answer key prepared by analysts. Evaluation results were analyzed with Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test. A semi-structured interview was conducted after the training, and the data obtained were resolved by content analysis. By the research results, the products of students who have participated in the education of expression methods in typography were successful. Students have expressed to have progressed both professionally and personally. Themes such as creativity, feeling well, self-confidence, satisfaction appeared in content analysis consisting of interview notes.</p> Touradj Fashandaki Gülgün Alpan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-25 2021-03-25 5 3 31 40 Effective Parameters on Post-Disaster Temporary Housing Design in Rural Settlements <p>Provision of temporary housing for victims and survivors of a disaster is one of the most important issues in disaster management process. The purpose of this study was to identify the parameters affecting the post-disaster temporary housing design in rural settlements by reviewing the theoretical literature over previous experiences. Based on the findings, the effective parameters were: "Standards of dimensions and housing size with a minimum occupancy level"; "Durability and useful life of the proposed structure and details"; "Optimal construction costs such as components and materials"; "Structural strength"; "Ease of production and possibility of using prefabricated constructs"; "Possibility of building using vernacular-local details"; "Ease of transferability (size and weight)"; "Possibility of storage and maintenance in minimum space"; "Multiple applications and reusability"; "Simplicity and ease of installation, establishment, assembly, and repair"; "Familiarity of the local-vernacular people with the applied structural form"; " Possibility of using local-vernacular people in establishing the settlement"; "Adaptation to the local, social, and cultural characteristics of the context (providing a private environment)"; "Taking into account the physical condition and needs of special people (children, women, and injured people)"; "Flexibility in arrangement and location in different geological and environmental situations"; "Flexibility in lay-out and arrangement in indoor spaces according to the users' needs"; "Possibility of using local people to build and set up"; "Applying safety tips"; "Providing thermal comfort"; "Energy consumption"; and "Adaptation to the micro-climate conditions of the region". The findings of this study can be considered by experts, planners, and policy makers in the field of architectural design and temporary housing.</p> Alireza Fallahi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-25 2021-03-25 5 3 41 52 an Effect of Seismic Horizontal Loads on the Structure of the Taj al-Molk Dome in Jameh Mosque of Isfahan <p>The external forces acting on the structures are divided into two categories based on the direction of application: a. Loads applied in the vertical direction or gravity loads such as: dead loads, live loads, snow load, etc. B. Loads applied in the horizontal direction or lateral loads such as: earthquake load, wind load, etc. Therefore, in this study, the behavior of the northern dome of Isfahan Jameh Mosque (Taj al-Molk dome) was examined under horizontal seismic loads using a finite element three-dimensional model (3D FE) (nonlinear dynamic analysis) with one level of numerical complexity with the aim to cover the structure of the dome, which has a medium to high complexity in operation. The results indicated that the structure of the Taj al-Molk dome is vulnerable to horizontal loads, so that if the residual deformation occurs in the range of 0.4% and 0.8%, it will cause the structure to collapse. On the other hand, geometric features (irregularity in the plan and height of the dome, the presence of large openings, height changes in the cross section as well as the presence of the dome or an internal inclined arch) play an essential role in the seismic performance of the building.</p> Alireza Ashrafi Reza - Abouei, Associate Professor Mohammad Mehdi Karimnejad ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-25 2021-03-25 5 3 53 66 Reviewing the History of Textile Dyeing in Iran and Introducing the Novel Method by using Nano Technology <p>This article examines the position of color in Iran during different time period and dyeing of textiles. In this research, observing the past dyeing methods and awareness to today's chemical and industrial dyeing, an attempt has been made to create color shades using nanomaterials. In this research, copper/silver nanoparticles were taken from Sigma Aldrich Company and using chemical methods two golden and brown colored shades was created on cotton fabric. The results show the success of colors created. Considering the nature of the materials used, it can be stated that these colors do not have any side effects on the environment.</p> Fariba Mohammadisaghand Roya Mohammadisaghand Mehrnoosh Sakenyandehkordi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-03-25 2021-03-25 5 3 67 71