International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="40%"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Description</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p>The International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) is an open access and peer reviewed multi-disciplinary quarterly journal which publishes <em>free of charge</em> original scholarly research papers on the fundamental research in all branches of theory and practice of art, providing rapid disclosure of the key elements of a study, publishing preliminary, experimental and theoretical results on the history of art, cloth designing, restoration, painting, graphic, architecture and urban design.</p> <p>The IJAPAS is under the evaluation process of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).&nbsp;All submitted&nbsp;manuscripts are checked for plagiarism through a trustworthy software named&nbsp;iThenticate&nbsp;to assure the&nbsp;submitted article originality and then peer-reviewed by the international reviewers.</p> <p><strong>Indexing:</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>IJAPAS has been indexed in the Citefactor, Google Scholar, DRJI (Directory of Research Journal Indexing), J-Gate, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Magiran</a> and <a href=";DC=5860" target="_blank" rel="noopener">RICeST</a>.</p> <p>Print ISSN:&nbsp;<strong>2588-4506</strong></p> <p>Online ISSN:&nbsp;<strong>2588-4670</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Audience</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p>The IJAPAS hopes for researchers, graduate students, professionals and others would make use of this journal publication for the development of innovation in applied arts. The manuscripts should not have been previously published nor be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The IJAPAS manuscript submission process is fully electronic, to ensure the rapid publication of results. Manuscripts should be submitted via our secure web site. Manuscripts submitted by hardcopy mail or by e-mail will not be processed.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Editor-in-Chief</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p><strong>Dr. Abolfazl Davodi Roknabadi</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Associate Professor,<br>Faculty of Arts and Architecture,<br>Islamic Azad University,Yazd Branch,<br>Safayieh, Shohadaye Gomnam Blvd.,<br>Yazd, Iran<br>Email:</td> <td width="10%">&nbsp;</td> <td valign="top" width="40%"> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><span style="font-size: 20pt;">Scope</span><hr align="left" width="300"></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: justify;"> <p><strong>Topics suitable for IJAPAS include but are not limited to:</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Artworks, Performances and installations</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Urban design and architecture, architectural conservation and restoration of historical structures</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Fabrics, new methods for cloth fabrications and cloth design</li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Innovative media arts concepts and projects</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Painting and graphical arts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Digital arts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Digital design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Innovative Web, Web3D, and multimedia studies and applications</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Social issues and concepts</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Imaginary and creative concepts and applications</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Visual arts: ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Performing arts: music, theater, film, photography </span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Industrial design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Fashion design</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Art history</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <ul> <li class="show"><span style="text-align: justify;">Aesthetics and semantics</span></li> </ul> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <div><span style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</span></div> Islamic Azad University, Yazd Branch en-US International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS) 2588-4506 Creative Cities: A Case of Mumbai <p><em>Civilisations and cities have always been a cradle for nurturing art and culture. From cave paintings to digital art and folk tales to cinema, a varied form of arts have shaped people and civilisations and sustained creative economies. </em></p> <p><em>Today, however, we are moving towards an urban development which does not taken into cognizance, the significance of art and culture in its built form, leading to a growing void in the cultural understanding of the city and distancing people from the arts. Recreation and social life is moving away from places and activities that stimulate our senses and incite our curiosity leading to an experiential starvation.</em></p> <p><em>This study attempts to envision a city that uses urban design as a tool and the arts as a medium to connect people and influence appropriate urban transformation. </em></p> <p><em>KEY WORDS: Art, Culture, Community, Creative City, Creative Economy</em></p> Minaz Ansari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-05 2021-09-05 6 1 7 16 Metaphorical Semiotics of the Elements of Creating Atmosphere of Persian Traditional Spaces in Ali Hatami's Cinema (Case Study: Love-Stricken Film) <p>As one of the arts of creating space as well as a tool for audiovisual representation, cinema can convey the intended concept and content by the built space. It has been tried in this study to analyze Ali Hatami’s Cinema to build space with identity for Iranian users. The research approach is qualitative and methodology is based on deductive reasoning with moving from theory to analysis on case study. The librarian studies have been used at the process of extraction of theoretical basis of reasoning and Love-stricken movie has been analyzed in this process using analytical-descriptive method. Results show that architectural language used in Hatami’s Cinema could be assumed including the following elements: The presence in open space of yard at houses and gardens, sitting on ground floor and highlighting Persian carpets in the plans, focusing on outlook inside rooms toward garden and linking among built space and natural atmosphere, presence of water pool and walking of characters beside water pools in Persian Garden, dark spaces that show spatial depth of traditional architecture, written language and literature and poetic-like expression, existing Persian music in scenario as well as contextual music may stimulate auditory perception of audience.</p> Ali Akbari Syyede Zahra Asli Eramsadati Roxana Abdollahi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-05 2021-09-05 6 1 17 32 Investigating the Changing Role of Women in Society based on Satisfaction Level of Kitchen Design Pattern (Case study: Kitchens of Zones 1, 2 and 7 of Shiraz City, 2008-2018) <p>All human societies are influenced by gender patterns emanating from society. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the women position in society based on satisfaction level of the kitchen design model in contemporary housing in Shiraz. The present study is descriptive correlational design study. The study populations were the women living in zones 1, 2 and 7 of Shiraz city, by using Cochran's formula, the sample size of the study was 390 people selected by cluster sampling. In order to collect data, a researcher-made questionnaire with Cronbach's alpha of 0.78 and interviews were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test for two independent groups. Examining the current situation and expectations of women living in three, high, middle and low-income areas of Shiraz showed that, women level of satisfaction with the kitchen design pattern, due to different cultures, lifestyles, women's beliefs and differences in jobs and education levels in urban areas is not the same, and the user will behave differently while facing the same actions. The study results highlights the need to provide a variety of kitchen design patterns with respect to changing the style and role of women in different urban areas in the architectural design process.</p> Parisa Namian Mohammad Parva Hadi Kashmiri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-05 2021-09-05 6 1 33 46 Comparative study of Fabric Patterns in Gurkani and Ottoman Affected by Fabric Texture in Safavid Iran <p><em>The art of weaving is one of the most important arts, which have widespread use in society and at the same time expressing the work of the artists.</em></p> <p><em>This art is considered to be the most valuable and oldest industries among Muslim countries especially India, Iran and Ottoman. The nineteenth to eleventh ah /fifth and seventh centuries have been very important in terms of the role, color, texture and composition of fabrics in particular, this two civilization (India and ottoman) have been influenced by various art of the Safavid era in the past of centuries and have been affected. In this research, we study the roles and designs used and woven in Gurkani and ottoman era, fabrics as well as a variety of designs and texture and the type of color and composition used in the fabric and the impact and have been effected. These civilizations are on each other with attention of the Safavid era has been adapted reviewed. The main focus of research is the similarities and differences in woven designs and patterns in Gurkani and ottoman fabrics affected by Safavid. So first the texture of the fabric during the Gurkani and ottoman times, then the categorization of designs woven motifs are divided into three groups of plant, animals, humans and the design of the drawing lines. This research has been complied in a descriptive and analytical manner and using library sources to comparatively study the fabric patterns in the Gurkani and Ottoman period, influenced by the Safavid era. The use of plant, animals and human designs is the common denominator in these two civilizations.&nbsp;</em></p> Jaleh Ghezelayagh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-05 2021-09-05 6 1 47 66 The Effect of Parents’ Socio-Economic Status and their Participation in Learning Music and choosing Children’s Instruments <p>The socio-economic status of parents is directly related to parents' participation in activities related to their child's music learning. However, there is insufficient evidence on the impact of parents' socio-economic status on music learning activities and children's choice of instruments. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of socio-economic status of parents on their participation in their children's music learning and children's entertainment with music-related activities. This study examined the value and extent of parental involvement from the perspective of 157 parents with children between 3 and 12 years old, enrolled in music classes in Tehran. The main tool for collecting information required for the research was a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to collect the quantitative data of the questionnaires and the collected data were analyzed using SPSS and Excel statistical software. In addition, children from families with high socio-economic status are more involved in music learning activities. As this study shows, the socio-economic status of parents has a significant impact on their children's participation, perspective and interaction. Therefore, educators should pay more attention to children's backgrounds in order to provide appropriate guidance and support based on the needs of each student and their parents. A more regular communication and interaction between the teacher, the student and the parents about the challenges they face and their expectations will help increase children's learning of music.</p> Marjan ossadat Mortazavi Pouya Sarai Hasan Riahi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-05 2021-09-05 6 1 67 82 Analyzing Contemporary Philippine Art Forms and Critiquing Available Local Materials and Appropriate Techniques Used in Creating Art <p>The way art is understood has been formalized. The primary objective of this paper is to acquaint the students with one of the methods in analyzing contemporary Philippine art forms and critiquing available local materials and appropriate techniques used in creating art. As part of the subject course in Contemporary Philippine Arts from the Regions, one of the core subjects in the Senior High School curriculum in the Philippines under the K-12 curriculum, one of the methods implemented in critiquing&nbsp;contemporary Philippine artworks is the Analysis-Interpretation-Discernment Method or the AID Method. This method will be carried&nbsp;out&nbsp;together with the description applied to contemporary art and the knowledge in the elements, principles, and contexts of arts. Criticism can be construed positively. Several critics discuss their reactions to various forms of art and weigh in on the works’ merits. One may not always agree with their assessments, as the criteria or standards of evaluation may differ significantly from those of the professional critic.&nbsp;In this circumstance, visiting contemporary art exhibitions and conversing with living artists is critical for developing a knowledge and appreciation for the Philippine arts and culture.&nbsp;The purpose of art criticism gives a significant role in the process of inquiry in relation to contemporary arts, that is, to distinguish the different contexts of art to a familiar art form as well as to appraise the culture of the Philippine arts with awareness and appreciation.</p> Almighty Cortezo Tabuena Crizia P. Domingo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-09-05 2021-09-05 6 1 83 100