Main Article Content
Residential houses in the hot and dry climate of Iran are among the valuable and important buildings of this land. Recognition of the shape and physical structure of the hot and dry climates of Iran will not only preserve and restore this precious achievement in the past historical periods of Iran, it will also play an important and useful role in identifying the hidden features and potentials of this building.
The present study intends to identify the structural features of the pond in relation to other spaces of residential buildings, to study and analyze how and to what extent the pond is effective in forming the structure of residential houses in the hot and dry climate of Iran. In this regard, the researcher first extracts repetitive morphological features in the pool house space and its effect on the emergence of residential house plans from among ten samples of residential houses with basins that have been randomly selected from the samples of the existing statistical population. In this research, the research method is comparative, historical and interpretive, which have been interpreted inferentially. The tools used in this research include collecting research findings through library and field studies and interviews with experts and masters. The results show that although according to the climatic model, the physical structure of most residential buildings in the hot and dry climate of Iran has a dominant north-south axis, but the location of the pool house is always along the dominant axis of the house; Even in cases where the main extension and the dominant axis of the house in this climate is defined as east-west.