Analyzing the Effective Environmental Factors in the Sense of Open Spaces of Residential Complexes in Tehran

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Hamid Mehraban
Mehrnoush Ghodsi
Mahnaz Mahmoodi


Open spaces in residential complexes have diameters that encourage people to attend these places to pass their times. This research by using a complex method, extracts effective environmental factors in the sense of place in open spaces of residential complexes to develop them by means of developing stimulus projects. In the first stage, the extraction and verifying them with a theoretical basis, a questionnaire is developed by interviewing the effective variables. This is available for space users and they are asked to answer the semi-open questions and for verifying them, they should refer to university experts. 52 residential complexes were studied in Tehran. 384 residents are randomly sampled. For the qualitative part, open and axial coding techniques are used in ATLASTI software. In quantitative section the inferential tests in SPSS were used. It can be concluded the dimensions of sense of place in residential complexes are intertwined and each of these dimensions includes the other, in a way that in the components or the first dimension of spatial-social components, they are merged and they have correlation. In the second factor physical-social and in the third factor socio-spatial and in the fourth factor spatial factors exist. Overall, when the selected components have two aspects of the environment, the correlation between them is much higher than the components to create more coverage to induct a sense of place in the residential complexes. It should be in a way that cover two or more dimensions to achieve more success than sense of place.


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Mehraban, H., Ghodsi, M., & Mahmoodi, M. (2022). Analyzing the Effective Environmental Factors in the Sense of Open Spaces of Residential Complexes in Tehran. International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS), 6(4), 7-30. Retrieved from
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