Pre-Islamic Painting in India: A Case Study of Painting Styles

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Jaleh Ghezelayagh
Ahmad Fooladian
Alireza Abdollahi Khoshmardan


India is a land of rich historical, cultural and artistic background. Painting has long been popular in India, and pre-Islamic paintings of caves and paintings from pre-Islamic India show interest in the art of Portrait painting and painting. Paintings from ancient times have been reported from inside caves and stone walls And most of the historical information about the art of painting in India, is the remaining caves in Ajanta Cave. Undoubtedly, cave paintings have influenced the evolution of painting in later periods and created a variety of styles and schools of painting in the Hindu period, which is one of the artistic masterpieces of its time. The Purpose of this study, is the art of painting in India, the formation of different styles of painting in pre-Islamic India, the subject of paintings and the position of women in paintings. This research method describes pre-Islamic painting in India and analyzes different styles of painting based on drawings. The results of the research show that painting has been considered in India from the beginning as cave paintings and murals, and various painting styles are influenced by cave paintings and arise from mystical, religious and moral issues. Every day and different issues were created using various designs and colors and the presence of elements of nature. From the beginning of women's painting in the caves, women's painting has been depicted in the form of numerous goddesses and in later periods by drawing goddesses, queens, princes and other women in Hindu painting styles.


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Ghezelayagh, J., Fooladian, A., & Abdollahi Khoshmardan, A. (2020). Pre-Islamic Painting in India: A Case Study of Painting Styles. International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS), 5(2), 41-60. Retrieved from