Study of the Symbolic Aspects of Animal Designs in Jiroft Civilization

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Hassan Salajeghe
Zohreh Tavighi
Mohammadhossein Jafari Naeeimi



So far, theoretical studies and little art reviews have been conducted on animal designs, and no such research has been done on Jiroft's civilization. The reason for choosing this civilization is its importance in pre-Iranian art, as well as the health and availability of the works of this civilization period. This study tried to study motifs, to recognize the origin and meaning of them, and to trace the cultural influences of their respective civilizations, and to analyze their symbolic aspects. The main question of this research is what kind of symbols and signs with the field of animal drawings are used in the works of Jiroft civilization, and what concepts and themes they represent. The purpose of this study is to achieve a more cognitive understanding of the symbolic aspects of animal designs of the works of Jiroft civilization. This study was conducted descriptively and analytically using library resources. In this study, ten of the works found in Jiroft civilization have been investigated and the results of this study show that in Jiroft containers, motifs represent a man of war with the hard nature of southeastern Iran. In these designs, the notion of duality, or dualism, and dual composition are very evident, which is a sign of dual similarities and an opposite duality. These two-dimensional repetitions with the same materials represent an emphasis on symbolic concepts such as power or importance to them.

Keywords: Jiroft civilization, artifacts, animal designs, decorations, symbolic faces


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Salajeghe, H., Tavighi, Z., & Jafari Naeeimi, M. (2019). Study of the Symbolic Aspects of Animal Designs in Jiroft Civilization. International Journal of Applied Arts Studies (IJAPAS), 3(2), 51-66. Retrieved from